Cashew Farming in Jharkhand, India

Eco News

Cashew farming is a long-term project. It is highly profitable provided you grow it properly with a right marketing plan. In addition to that, cashew plantation project demands an adequate amount of land for cultivation. Basically, cashew is an export-oriented crop.

The National Horticulture Mission is supporting farming of cashew in ten districts of Jharkhand in the waste lands- report local media. These districts are- east and west Singhbhoom, Saraikela, Pakur, Godda, Dumka, Deoghar, Jamtara, Khunti and Simdega.

The National Horticulture Mission claims that the range of cashew farming which was started in 2005-06 on a 100ha land in Saraikela and West Singhbhoom has now increased up to 17000ha.

The Government of Jharkhand had allocated more than four crores rupees in its previous financial year for farming of cashew whereas the current budget is of three crores. The mission has claimed a production of 470mt in the previous season.

What type of Tree is cashew?

Cashew is a tropical evergreen plant. It is botanically known as Anacardium occidentale. In Hindi, it is known as Kaju.

Usually Kaju trees develop at a height of up to 20 feet. It has earlier maturity, higher yield, and increasing demand in the global market. Cashew has been one of the most preferred choices of farming to cultivators.

Being native of Central America and South East Central Brazil, it was first cultivated in the Malabar Coast of India. Indian farmers started its cultivation on commercial basis since 1920.

It has high potential of earning foreign exchange.

Cashew Plantation

Soil Requirement for cashew

Cashew can do well when grown in deep, sandy loam well-drained soil, even though they can be grown in poor soils too. Sandy red soil, coastal sandy soils, and laterite soils are great for cashew plantation.

Cultivators should be careful about flooding or water stagnation in the field which damages plant growth. Also, the pH level of soil should be up to 8.0 at the maximum level. Pure sandy soil enriched with minerals can also be chosen for growing cashew.

Climate for Cashew Plantation

Areas with annual rainfall of 1000-2000 mm and temperature ranging between 20 to 30°C are best for cashew nut cultivation. For best results, it needs a well-defined dry weather for a minimum of 4 months.

Heavy rainfall with erratic climate is not favorable for it.To develop proper standard of fruits more than 36 degrees Celsius temperature is considered inappropriate.

Dr. MP Mishra

Dr. M. P. Mishra is a noted environmentalist of India. He is known for his researches in environment conservation, wildlife activism, and for his writings. He has been internationally known for his Bird Housing Project which was devoted to protection and conservation of terrestrial bird species especially in Jharkhand. He has a deep study of the people of Jharkhand, their rituals, arts and crafts and has wandered extensively to study their conditions, their agriculture, their modes of lives, and their skills. Since last many years he has been continuously writing about various environmental and social issues of Jharkhand and has forty six books to his credit. His articles are regularly published in local and national dailies of India. His books on Environmental Awareness, Environmental Science, Environmental Studies, General Science, and biology are widely read and many of his books have been adopted in the schools of foreign countries. His books on Environmental Science have been adopted by the Council of Higher Secondary Education, Orissa, and the Council of Higher Secondary Education Nagaland and Meghalaya. Dr. Mishra is an excellent teacher with innovative ideas and new teaching methodologies. It was due to his commendable services to education that the Department of Human Resources Development, State Government of Jharkhand offered him State Award in the year 2009-010.Dr. Mishra has been awarded with the Presidential Medal and the National Award for the year 2012 for his outstanding Researches in and great contributions to Science and Environment. He has been an active Science Communicator and coordinator of National Council of Science and Technology Communication, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. He is a member of the Environmental Monitoring Committee under the Jharkhand Academic Council, Jharkhand, Ranchi. It was due to his voluntary services in the field of environment that he has been selected as a nominee of the Committee for Ethical Treatment to Animals, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India. He has been the Chief Editor of ECOSOC the Environmental Newsletter of International Circulation for more than ten years. He has been the President of the People for Animals for about ten years. As a teacher he is always admired by his students and the academic community across the globe.

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