How can governments control Air Pollution?


As a consequence to the Stockholm Conference (June 1972), the Central Government of India appointed a high powered committee which recommended the creation of the Department of Environment to coordinate the policies on Environment. It came into existence in 1980. However, a new Ministry of Environment and Forests was created in January 1985 which undertook the responsibility of protection and preservation of environment.

In September 1974, an autonomous body entitled Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was setup by the ministry under the provisions of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

The functions of the Central Pollution Control Board are-

(i) Coordination of the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) and Pollution Control Committees (PCCs).

(ii) Advising the Central Government on all the Matters concerning Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution.

(iii) Executing and enforcing legislation, regulation and guidelines relating to prevention and control of Environmental Pollution.

(iv). Developing rules and regulations for that prescribe the standards for emissions and effluents of air and water pollutants and noise levels.

(v) It provides technical services to the ministry for implementing the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

The Central Pollution Control Boards monitor the quality of the freshwater Resources through a network of 784 monitoring stations located all over the country. For this, it works in collaboration of State Pollution Control Boards. Of the 784 monitoring stations are located on rivers, 38 on lakes, 25 on groundwater and are situated on canals, creeks and other water bodies.  The CPCB is also monitoring air quality under National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Programme. For this it has established 290 stations in over 64 cities and towns.

The constitution and functions of the State Boards have been mentioned in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 and the Environment (Protection) Act 1986. These acts have been amended from time to time and various rules framed there under. The Board is expected to execute and ensure proper implementation of Environmental Policy of the Union and the State Governments.

The responsibilities of the State Pollution Control Boards can be classified into four major categories-

1. Enforcement of Environmental Policies, Acts and Rules framed there under.

2. To render necessary advice to the state government and other stake holders on environment related issues.

3. To conduct Environmental Monitoring and research.

4. To create public awareness and to serve as a facilitator on environment related issues.

Dr. MP Mishra

Dr. M. P. Mishra is a noted environmentalist of India. He is known for his researches in environment conservation, wildlife activism, and for his writings. He has been internationally known for his Bird Housing Project which was devoted to protection and conservation of terrestrial bird species especially in Jharkhand. He has a deep study of the people of Jharkhand, their rituals, arts and crafts and has wandered extensively to study their conditions, their agriculture, their modes of lives, and their skills. Since last many years he has been continuously writing about various environmental and social issues of Jharkhand and has forty six books to his credit. His articles are regularly published in local and national dailies of India. His books on Environmental Awareness, Environmental Science, Environmental Studies, General Science, and biology are widely read and many of his books have been adopted in the schools of foreign countries. His books on Environmental Science have been adopted by the Council of Higher Secondary Education, Orissa, and the Council of Higher Secondary Education Nagaland and Meghalaya. Dr. Mishra is an excellent teacher with innovative ideas and new teaching methodologies. It was due to his commendable services to education that the Department of Human Resources Development, State Government of Jharkhand offered him State Award in the year 2009-010.Dr. Mishra has been awarded with the Presidential Medal and the National Award for the year 2012 for his outstanding Researches in and great contributions to Science and Environment. He has been an active Science Communicator and coordinator of National Council of Science and Technology Communication, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. He is a member of the Environmental Monitoring Committee under the Jharkhand Academic Council, Jharkhand, Ranchi. It was due to his voluntary services in the field of environment that he has been selected as a nominee of the Committee for Ethical Treatment to Animals, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India. He has been the Chief Editor of ECOSOC the Environmental Newsletter of International Circulation for more than ten years. He has been the President of the People for Animals for about ten years. As a teacher he is always admired by his students and the academic community across the globe.

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