Medicinal Values of Aparajita or the Clitoria ternatea

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Aparajita or Clitoria ternatea is a perennial twiner which may climb around a support dead or living. It is revered by Hindus for its flowers who offer it to ma Durga. In Hindi it is also known as Vishnu Priya. It is also known as Butterfly Pea.

The shape of its flowers has a double clitoral hood like structure. These flowers are very similar to human female genitalia. Hence, it is called as Clitoria.

Clitoria usually has three coloured flowers – blue, white and purple. Modern hybridization techniques have produced many different colours of flowers or say many different plants bearing different coloured flowers.

Clitoria flower with a different colour
White flower of Clitoria

The plant is common in all over the tropical parts of India. It produces a number of fruits that are legumes and hence it has been placed in the family Papilionaceae or Fabaceae.

Medicinal Properties

Clitoria is reported to have a number of medicinal properties.

Ayurveda and Siddha consider the powder and extract of this plant as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and memory booster.

Due to its memory improving property Ayurveda considers it as a Medha drug or a memory drug or the medicine which improves mental abilities and intellect. It is highly indicated for its impact on nervous system.

Many Traditional Healthcare Systems report that Clitoria can be used to cure dyspepsia though it is reported to have mild laxative property.

The extract and powder of the Panchanga (all the five parts of the plant) of the plant is used to cure constipation, jaundice, and piles. It is also used in healing ulcers of pylorus and duodenum. It may increase urination that is why its extract is also administered in disurea.

Its extracts possess a wide range of pharmacological activities including antimicrobial, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, local anesthetic, antidiabetic, insecticidal, blood platelet aggregation-inhibiting and for use as a vascular smooth muscle relaxing properties.

Extract of the Clitoria plant is also used to treat various skin disorders.

Powdery Mildew on Clitoria plant

Diseases and Pests

This plant is a victim of several parasitic fungi, bacteria and viruses. However, it is most affected by the Powdery Mildew. Most of the diseases that are caused by pathogens in the pea plant are also caused in this plant. The powdery mildew damages both its foliage and fruits.

The powdery mildew is a fungal disease which affects a wide range of plants. These are caused by many different species of fungi in order Erysiphales. This disease develops in regions of high humidity and moderate temperature. The pathogens can be controlled using chemical methods, genetic resistance, and careful farming.

Wooly aphids and other sucking insects are active vectors of transmission of powdery mildew and other infectious diseases of this plant.

Dr. MP Mishra

Dr. M. P. Mishra is a noted environmentalist of India. He is known for his researches in environment conservation, wildlife activism, and for his writings. He has been internationally known for his Bird Housing Project which was devoted to protection and conservation of terrestrial bird species especially in Jharkhand. He has a deep study of the people of Jharkhand, their rituals, arts and crafts and has wandered extensively to study their conditions, their agriculture, their modes of lives, and their skills. Since last many years he has been continuously writing about various environmental and social issues of Jharkhand and has forty six books to his credit. His articles are regularly published in local and national dailies of India. His books on Environmental Awareness, Environmental Science, Environmental Studies, General Science, and biology are widely read and many of his books have been adopted in the schools of foreign countries. His books on Environmental Science have been adopted by the Council of Higher Secondary Education, Orissa, and the Council of Higher Secondary Education Nagaland and Meghalaya. Dr. Mishra is an excellent teacher with innovative ideas and new teaching methodologies. It was due to his commendable services to education that the Department of Human Resources Development, State Government of Jharkhand offered him State Award in the year 2009-010.Dr. Mishra has been awarded with the Presidential Medal and the National Award for the year 2012 for his outstanding Researches in and great contributions to Science and Environment. He has been an active Science Communicator and coordinator of National Council of Science and Technology Communication, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. He is a member of the Environmental Monitoring Committee under the Jharkhand Academic Council, Jharkhand, Ranchi. It was due to his voluntary services in the field of environment that he has been selected as a nominee of the Committee for Ethical Treatment to Animals, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India. He has been the Chief Editor of ECOSOC the Environmental Newsletter of International Circulation for more than ten years. He has been the President of the People for Animals for about ten years. As a teacher he is always admired by his students and the academic community across the globe.

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