A donkey grazes grass

Communities dependent on animals

Enviromental Education For JTET/CTET

Man has been keeping animals and depending on them for his livelihood since the origin of civilization. Washermen have been depending on donkeys since long for carrying clothes.

Gaderia community in India has traditionally been rearing sheep to earn their livelihood.

Circus owners still keep many types of animals as performers and earn money through their shows. Though, now  it has been completely banned in India.

Madaries keep monkeys, snakes, bears etc to train them show skills among the public and to earn money. Thus a number of human communities depend on animals for their livelihood while they keep those animals under very hard conditions.

Farmers in different parts of India domesticate bulls, buffaloes, horses, cows etc for different agriculture purposes.

In most of the cases it has been seen that communities depending on animals don’t care them properly. In turn they feed them less and load extra burden of work on them most often beyond their capacities.

 With increasing awareness about animal ethics, animal rights, and needs of animal welfare different governments have framed laws to protect animals and to offer them comfortable lives.

In India, the Prevention of Cruelty to animals Act was enacted in 1960 to prevent infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and to amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.

The Animal Welfare Board of India was formed for the promotion of Animal Welfare.

A number of Non- government Organizations are working for the cause of animals across the world and Greenpeace, PETA (People for Ethical Treatment for Animals), and People for Animals are some of these organizations.

Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping any living organism, or pursuing it with the intent of doing so.

Hunting wild animals or feral animal is most commonly done by humans for food, recreation, or trade.

In present-day use, lawful hunting is distinguished from poaching, which is the killing, trapping or capture of the hunted species contrary to applicable law.

The species that are hunted are referred to as game and are usually mammals and migratory or non- migratory birds.

Some tribal communities in India have hunting traditions and it is often difficult for governments to put restrictions on traditional hunting.

Wild animals like tigers, panthers, Chirus (the Tibetan Antelopes) are hunted on large scales for commercial purposes. However, hunting in India has been banned by law so as to put legal restrictions on the practice to safeguard biodiversity.

Hunting in India is strictly prohibited under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.It provides a powerful legal framework for -Prohibition of hunting, Protection and management of wildlife habitats, Establishment of protected areas, Regulation and control of trade in parts and products derived from wildlife, and Management of zoos.

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