Gender-based imbalances of individuals in power and command over the management of the organization are some common examples of inequality that has been reported at work places.
Women are not able to move up into higher paid positions quickly as compared to men. Some organizations have more inequality than others, and the extent to which it occurs can differ greatly. In the workplace the men usually hold the higher positions and the women often hold lower paid positions such as secretaries.
Ethnicity has a large influence on the quality of jobs as well as the amount of money an individual will make in the workforce. There are organizing processes that produce class, racial, and gender inequalities.
A lot of research has been done to determine how class or gender inequalities are produced in the workplace.Many people argue that the women gain their social position from the men around them, such as their fathers and their husbands. This is because womanhood has, throughout history, been attributed to child bearing and raising a family.
Employment, and the benefits that came to them, they came after their family life. In the workplace it is required that a worker shows up on time and works continuously for the entire workday, which usually consists of eight hours. Since women were responsible for raising children, they had much less time and flexibility to partake in full-time jobs, and thus women in the workforce were generally only seen in part-time positions. This trend is part of what leads to modern-day inequality.
There exists a wide gap among workforce in respect of gender, age, caste, and economic aspects both inside and outside homes.
Girls in some societies get less opportunities of study and are employed on work both inside and outside. Inside homes girls have to cook food and work for domestic affairs and at the same time outside homes they have to work for money as labourers in homes of other people- as servants, child carriers, and as a labourer at brick kilns or at building constructions.
Small children in their school age are employed in hotels, carpet weaving centres, and in small industries. Many boys have to work as rag pickers and to support their families in early age. These boys and girls become edicts of many types of harmful substances and do not grow properly in future to become useful citizens of the country.
In some industries and other work places, caste and economic considerations too bear immense importance and low case people and those who remain economically backward often face negligence. However reservations for these people are helping a lot and many out of the population of such people are getting high positions due to government favours.
As for genders a persistent inequality exists at most of the places. To check this some strategies for gender mainstreaming are necessary. To achieve this goal the strategies for gender mainstreaming should have dual approach- gender mainstreaming and specific actions.
Gender mainstreaming is the integration of the gender perspective into every stage of the policy process – design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation – with a view to promoting equality between women and men. The strategy used to achieve this goal is based upon a dual approach: gender mainstreaming and specific actions.
Gender mainstreaming is not a goal in itself but a means to achieving equality. Similarly, it is not concerned only with women, but with the relationship between women and men for the benefit of both. Specific actions may be required in addition to remove those inequalities between women and men which have been identified.
Gender mainstreaming in urban planning focuses on the integration of gender equality in all stages of the planning process: from formulating the objectives to planning the measures and to implementing and evaluating them.
Gender equality is a fundamental right, a common value and a necessary condition for the achievement of the National objectives of growth, employment, and social cohesion. In its Roadmap for equality between women and men (2006‐2010), the European Commission underlined the need to achieve equal economic independence for women and men. In particular, the Commission committed itself to strengthen gender mainstreaming in the Open Method of Coordination for Social Protection and Social Inclusion and to provide a manual to actors involved in the process.